A male breast reduction, also medically known as gynecomastia is a surgical procedure to reduce the size of breasts, flattening and enhancing the chest contours in men.
In Gynecomastia surgery, the surgeon removes fat and/or glandular tissue and reduces the size and shape of the breasts. In fact, gynecomastia surgery is going to restore a naturally masculine appearance to your chest.
Iran is a popular destination for health and medical tourism purposes specifically in cosmetic surgeries such as male breast reduction. Gynecomastia surgery is an effective treatment for men to correct overdeveloped or enlarged breasts.
Gynecomastia approximately occurs in 40-60 percent of men. The cause is not always known, but it can occur as a result of genetics, certain medications including anabolic steroids, marijuana, or alcohol, or the imbalance of the hormones estrogen and progesterone that causes swelling in breast tissue.
Obesity is the most common reason for forming male breasts larger than normal breasts. Obesity can also increase the risk of gynecomastia.
- Cirrhosis of the liver
- Chronic kidney failure
- Testicular cancer
- Disorders of the testes (male sex organs) including infection, trauma, or inborn disorders
- Anti-androgen treatments for prostate cancer
Male breast reduction or gynecomastia surgery is a simple surgical procedure in Iran because of qualified and experienced surgeons, advanced and modern clinics, and hospitals. The cost of cosmetic surgeries in Iran is very reasonable and competitive.
Yes, Male breast reduction is performed under general anesthesia and in some cases, is performed under local anesthesia with sedation.
There are 3 different types of male breast reduction. Based on your anatomy, your desired results and your surgeon preferences, cosmetic surgeon will choose the best technique of male breast reduction which lead to your expectation.
Liposuction is a method for removing fat from under the skin via suction. In Liposuction, the surgeon will insert a cannula (a thin hollow tube) through a small incision in to the tissue in order to infiltrate fluid. The cannula is moved back and forth in a controlled motion to loosen the excess fat, which is then removed from the body by vacuum suction. Factors such as the person’s age and skin elasticity are important considerations when deciding whether liposuction alone will give good results. Liposuction method is recommended when the patient has excess fatty tissue within their chest.
Mastectomy is one of male breast reduction techniques which involves the removal of excess breast tissues or skin. The excision technique for gynecomastia is often done endoscopically with a small incision. Mastectomy will be more effective If the patient also has excess glandular tissue.
Gynecomastia surgery is a safe treatment for patients who are in good health, without active diseases or serious, pre-existing medical conditions. Good candidates for surgery have firm, elastic skin that will adapt to the new contours of the body. Then men who have Impaired liver function and or use medications containing estrogen are not good candiates for male breast reduction surgery.
Before undergoing gynecomastia surgery, you need to discuss with your surgeon about your expectations and the risks and complication of this surgery. Your surgeon will prescribe you a physical examination and a blood test and mammography in order to make a gynecomastia diagnosis. Depending on the results of the initial tests, you may need to further undergo CT scans, MRI scans, testicular ultrasounds, and tissue biopsies.
It is quite normal you experience some complications such as bruising and swelling as well as pain and numbness in the area after male breast reduction surgery. the recovery is fast and quick and the scars will disappear soon because of the advanced and modern techniques Iranian surgeons use. You can return to routine life within a week after the surgery. You should avoid heavy exercises for a couple of weeks after male breast reduction surgery.
- bruising and swelling
- possible numbness
- pain and discomfort
- a drainage tube will be installed in the wound to help prevent fluid build-up. If liposuction is used, expect to wear a compression garment as well.
It is important to remember that significant weight gain, steroid use, certain medical conditions, or an unhealthy lifestyle could result in a recurrence of gynecomastia. All scars are permanent. However, scarring should fade to your natural skin colour over time.
- risks of anaesthesia, including allergic reaction, which (rarely) may be fatal
- surgical risks, such as bleeding or infection
- blood clots, such as deep vein thrombosis, leading to pulmonary embolus or stroke, which can be fatal
- fatal cardiovascular complications, such as a heart attack
- changes in breast and nipple sensation
- temporary or permanent areas of numbness
- rippled or baggy skin where the liposuction was performed
- inflamed, itchy scars
- asymmetry (unevenness) of the breasts
- indentations of the nipple or areolar regions
- skin death (necrosis) along the wound
- death of nipple tissue
- death of deeper tissues, such as fat (fat necrosis)
- further surgery to treat complications.
Since sedative and anesthesia is used, you won’t feel any pain while the surgery is being done, but after surgery, you might feel some pain in your chest, which can be relieved by taking pain killer medications.
You can resume your routine work within a few days, but you should avoid strenuous activities for some 3 weeks.
Doing regular exercise and following a healthy diet can help you lose weight on your overall body, which reduces the severity of your gynecomastia, but you will probably not completely satisfied with the result, especially if you there is not just excess fat but also excess tissue in your breasts. Anyway, do not ignore the role of exercise in maintaining a healthy body.
There is no surgery that is 100% safe and risk-free, but gynecomastia surgery is one of the safest surgical procedures with low risks and minimal side effects. If you choose a well-qualified and experienced specialist and follow the post-operative instructions he/she gives you, you can rest assured that nothing wrong will happen.
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